The process of evaluating your resources may seem overwhelming, but it doesn’t have to be. Academic books and journals usually present themselves as scholarly and may be easily assessed for their quality of information. But others, especially websites, social media, newspapers, and magazines are not the same and sorting truth from fiction can be very challenging.

Our solution gives you a list of things to do when looking at a source, and hooks each of those things to one or two highly effective evaluation techniques. We call the “things to do” moves and there are four of them Stop, Investigate, Find, and Track.


Licenses and Attributions: SIFT (The Four Moves) Authored by Mike Caulfield. Located at:

License: CC BY 4.0 Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Adaptions: Revised text and one move.


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Critical Thinking in Academic Research Copyright © 2022 by Cindy Gruwell and Robin Ewing is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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